Recently I had the opportunity to shoot a live performance by Circus Automatic, a talented young San Francisco-based circus troupe. Indoor performances, where the action is fast and the lighting dim and unpredictable, can be extremely challenging to shoot. In this post I share some images from the circus show as well as a few tips on how to make the best of these difficult conditions.
The first tip is to use a fast lens and a high ISO setting. Since you will need a shutter speed of 1/200 second or faster in order to freeze most of the action, and given that the light is often very dim, you will likely have to use an ISO of at least 1600 and perhaps quite a bit higher, even when using a fast f/1.8 or f/2.8 lens wide open. All of these images were made shooting wide-open with my favorite portrait lens, the Nikon 85mm f/1.8. ISO ranged from 800-3200, and shutter speeds ranged from 1/160 to 1/800 second.
To capture this striking image of the aerialist, I shot wide-open with a fast prime lens and used a high ISO setting in order to obtain a fast enough shutter speed to freeze her action. Buy this photo
The second tip is to seek the drama present in all aspects of the show. Sometimes the most interesting subject is not the star performer. In this image I captured the expressions of the rest of the cast as they watched the star of the final act.
Part of the fun of a circus is getting to know the cast members, who tend to be very interesting and photogenic characters even aside from their remarkable performing abilities. Look for the “side shows” as well as the “big top” acts. Buy this photo
During our “intermission,” let’s review some basic rules for shooting an indoor performance: 1) Get permission from the producer before you bring your camera to the show; 2) never use flash (it annoys your neighbors and can cause injury or even death by blinding an unsuspecting aerialist); 3) use your camera’s quietest shutter mode and disable its LCD display so as not to distract those around you; and 4) don’t attempt to use a tripod or monopod unless you’ve obtained special permission.
My next tip is to look for those moments when the action subsides naturally. In most kinds of fast-action performances, including dance, sports, and yes, circus acts, there are brief moments of stasis when the motion is swinging from one direction to another. Even a juggler balancing on a teeter-totter placed precariously atop a pile of four metal cylinders will reach moments of relative rest. Here I fired the shutter at the exact instant when two of the batons are in his hands while the third has just reached its apogee. This image encapsulates all of the excitement of the act but has almost no perceptible motion blur.
Find those brief moments when the fast action settles into a natural lull. Buy this photo
Another tip is to shoot in RAW mode. That’s a good practice for nearly all types of photography, but for indoor performances the color of the lighting is often very tricky and rapidly changing, so using RAW files allows much greater control over the color temperature during post-processing. The venue for last night’s show used awful single-colored LED lights that cast a very strange temperature over many of my images. Some I could correct in post-processing, but others remain unnatural looking and cold. Regrettably, these LED lights are becoming very popular so this is a common challenge when shooting live indoor events. Other useful post-processing techniques for these types of shows include noise reduction (required due to the high ISO settings) and image sharpening.
The final tip is to keep shooting, because you rarely can tell in advance when something remarkable may happen!
Parting shot: The acrobat dismounts dramatically to end the show. Buy this photo
Now it’s your turn. Please share your experiences and advice for shooting live performances.
Want to read more posts about photographic techniques? Find them all here: Posts on Techniques.