The next two nights (Dec. 13-15) offer a treat to landscape and night photographers around the world. This time period is the peak of the Geminid Meteor Shower, which, along with the Perseid Meteor Shower (peaking around August 12-14), affords the best opportunity of the year for seeing meteor activity.
While it’s still technically tricky to make great images of a meteor shower, today’s technology certainly makes it possible for those of us without astronomical budgets to do so. I shot some nice images of last summer’s Perseid shower and would be out there shooting the Geminids the next two nights except that the cloud cover here in the San Francisco Bay Area is expected to be 95-100%. Here’s a composite of several images I shot last August of the Perseids.
A composite image made up of one long exposure for the lake, mountain, and trees, plus several 25-second exposures capturing the individual meteors I observed over a 2-hour period. Buy this photo
Most of the techniques you need for capturing a meteor shower are the same as for capturing the Milky Way. Review my post from a few weeks ago for a refresher course: Post on Milky Way Photography.
The special challenge when shooting a meteor shower is that meteors can occur anywhere in the sky. Even with a very wide-angle lens, such as a 14mm or 16mm lens on a full-frame camera, only a small portion of the sky can be covered. As we are limited to a maximum exposure time of about 25-30 seconds with a 14mm or 16mm lens so as to avoid blurring the stars into star trails, it’s clear that we have to shoot a lot of consecutive images to be likely to capture several meteors throughout the night. We then use software such as Photoshop to combine the images in which meteors are visible into a single composite image showing all of the meteor activity we captured during the night.
A good tutorial on shooting meteor showers, illustrated with amazing images by Glenn Randall, can be found here: Glenn Randall post on photographing meteor showers.
Have you photographed a meteor shower? What techniques did you use? Please share your experiences here.
Want to read more posts about photographic techniques? Find them all here: Posts on Techniques.